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CROSS-CUTTING ART

"Poles became so incredibly skilled at fencing with a curved saber that no other nation in the world could match them in this art. They called it the cross-cutting art because cuts and parries were formed in the shape of the cross."

This is how famous Polish encyclopedist Zygmunt Gloger described the art of using a saber in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

 

Cross cutting art was based on simple and dynamic combinations of upper and lower cuts performed from left to right and inversely on a cross pattern.

Cuts of this type mastered to perfection performed both offensive and defensive functions, wounding with vigor or deflecting enemy cuts.

In old Poland, swordmanship was started at the age of six. At that time (XVI, XVII and XVIII century) traditional stick fighting (gra w palcaty) was the  most common form of physical activity. This custom was supported by the Polish seyms recommending this type of duels as part of the military education of young people.