The craftsmanship and wealth of European martial arts has been documented in books and chronicles from Scandinavia to Turkey, from Spain to Russia and from the Middle East to a new land. The name of the martial art comes from the Latin artes martiales (art of Mars - the Roman god of war).This term was used until the mid-sixteenth century after which it was specified as an art of defense or noble art of fencing.
Aartes Martiales in Europe of the Middle Ages and later during the Renaissance developed skills of using all types of weapons, from polarms and blunt instruments to thrusting and cutting weapons. All elements of the fight were trained to perfection through hard training taking into account knowledge of geometry, anatomy and principles of leverage. Lessons were held at home on the basis of individual lessons or classes with small groups of students. Strength exercises were performed and the technical aspects of combat were perfected under the watchful eye of the master, on a pell, in front of a mirror or while fighting with shadow. The principle was that what hurts teaches and can be mastered only by fast, dynamic and brutal fights. Physical preparation was extremely important due to the then tradition. Fencing was not only an element of war preparation but for the elite it became an important aspect of a prestigious lifestyle.
"The art of fencing is the most ancient and was invented in the time of Nino, the king of Assyrians, who, thanks to the artistry of using weapons, became the monarch and ruler of the world."
Ridolfo Capo Ferro